Notebook battery are made of lithium batteries. There are two kinds of lithium batteries, one is polymer battery, and the other is 18650 batteries.
Let’s look at the process of making notebook batteries with cylindrical 18650 batteries.
1. First start screening the lithium battery cells
That is to screen the voltage, internal resistance and capacity of 18650 cells, also called the allocation and distribution group. In terms of capacity, it can be that the matching has been completed when the material is received. Before assembling the battery pack, it is only necessary to screen the voltage and internal resistance of the battery cells.
The general screening standard is that the voltage difference is within 5mV, and the internal resistance is within 5mV. The difference is within 3mΩ. Only the cells within the range of this voltage difference and internal resistance difference can be assembled into a set of lithium battery packs, so that the consistency of the assembled battery packs will be better, and the performance of the battery packs will be better. The equipment used is a cell sorting and assembling instrument.
2. Combine the cells in series and parallel
The best way to assemble a battery pack is to put a bracket for the battery cells, so that after assembling the battery pack, there can be brackets between the cells for isolation. With isolation on the top, the battery pack is safer and avoids vibration affecting the safety of the lithium battery pack.
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3. Spot welding the battery pack
The material used in spot welding is nickel strip. Nickel strip is divided into pure nickel nickel strip and nickel-plated steel strip. The price of pure nickel will be much more expensive.
Comparatively speaking, the price of nickel-plated steel strip is much cheaper, and the disadvantage is of course that the internal resistance is larger, the overcurrent capability is lower, and it is more likely to rust.For the thickness of the nickel strip, the current requirements of conventional products, the thickness of the nickel strip is generally 0.15mm, so the power of the spot welding machine is more suitable.
If the current is relatively small, you can use a 0.1mm thick nickel strip, and if the current is particularly large, you can use a 0.2mm nickel strip. Nickel strips that are too thin or too thick are not recommended.
4. Weld the protective plate to the battery pack
The protection board used is a ternary lithium 13 series 48V lithium battery protection board. The welding of the protection board needs to be based on the specification of the protection board.
After soldering the wires of the protection board, it is necessary to use heat shrinkable sleeves to insulate the solder joints to prevent the solder joints from short-circuiting and malfunctioning.
5. Insulation packaging shaping battery pack
This step is to carry out insulation packaging and shaping of the battery pack, fix the wires of the battery pack, and pack them.
In order to better insulate the assembly process of the lithium battery pack, the battery pack is blown with PVC film, and glued on both ends behind the PVC film. To prevent water and dust, better protect the lithium battery pack.
6. Assemble the battery into the case
This step needs to connect the exposed wire of the battery pack to the shell material connector of the shell, including charging and discharging terminals, fuses, switches, etc.
Generally, the current of the charging port is relatively small, so the diameter of the wire used is relatively small; while the current of the discharge port is relatively large, the wire diameter of the wire used is relatively thick, so that the overcurrent will be more ideal.
Soldering the wires needs to be done according to the schematic diagram of the connection between the battery pack and the case.
7. Test the lithium battery pack
The final test includes charge-discharge cycle test, capacity test, internal resistance test, open circuit voltage test, overcurrent test, overcharge test, overdischarge test, short circuit test, etc. of the lithium battery pack.
In order to verify the performance of the battery pack, the test steps need to be carried out item by item according to the performance requirements of the battery pack. The equipment used includes lithium battery pack charging and discharging aging cabinet, whole product tester, etc.
When the test is complete, remove the battery and label it with the appropriate brand.